Abstract

Research Article

Sexual addiction, self-esteem and personality dimensions

Badii Amamou*, Cyrine Missaoui, Amjed Ben Haouala, Ahmad Mhalla, Ferid Zaafrane and Lotfi Gaha

Published: 20 February, 2020 | Volume 4 - Issue 1 | Pages: 006-012

Sexual addiction is a growing reality. The acknowledgment of this disorder requires to identify vulnerability factors. Besides, it would improve the management and treatment of these people. We used a cross-sectional study with a sample of voluntary subjects recruited online anonymously. A prepared questionnaire explored the general and clinical data of the sample. The psychometric scales used were: Carnes Sexual Addiction Screening Test, the French Big Five Inventory for personality dimensions and the Rosenberg Scale for self-esteem. Five hundred and ten individuals were included. 38 people (8%) had sexual addiction. 68 people (13%) had attenuated symptoms of sexual addiction. The average age of the group with sexual addiction was 30.8 years with a male predominance. The majority had a higher academic level, was single (39.5%) and are working (73.7%). Our study revealed that self-esteem was below average in 73.7% of people with sexual addiction. Concerning personality dimensions, individuals with sexual addiction had higher scores in Neuroticism. The analytic study showed that four variables were statistically correlated with sexual addiction: male sex; low self-esteem; a large N dimension and a low C and E dimension. The concept of sexual addiction, still poorly defined, is beginning to be recognized. The need for more research is required to identify the factors of vulnerability with the aim of developing the preventive axis and improving the quality of life.

Read Full Article HTML DOI: 10.29328/journal.jatr.1001011 Cite this Article Read Full Article PDF

Keywords:

Addictive behavior; Sexual behavior; Self-esteem; Personality inventory

References

  1. Krafft ER, Klaf FS. Psychopathia sexualis: with especial reference to the antipathic sexual instinct: a medico-forensic study: Arcade Publishing. 1965.
  2. Kinsey AC, Pomeroy WB, Martin CE, Sloan S. Sexual behavior in the human male. 1948.
  3. Kuzma JM, Black DW. Epidemiology, prevalence, and natural history of compulsive sexual behavior. Psychiatr Clin North Am. 2008; 31: 603-611. PubMed: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18996301
  4. Skegg K, Nada-Raja S, Dickson N, Paul C. Perceived “out of control” sexual behavior in a cohort of young adults from the Dunedin Multidisciplinary Health and Development Study. Arch Sex Behav. 2010; 39: 968-978. PubMed: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19421850
  5. Chakroun N, Doron J, Swendsen J. Substance use, affective problems and personality traits: test of two association models. L'Encephale. 2003; 30: 564-569. PubMed: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15738859
  6. Hook JN, Hook JP, Davis DE, Worthington Jr, Penberthy JK. Measuring sexual addiction and compulsivity: A critical review of instruments. J Sex Marital Ther. 2010; 36: 227-260. PubMed: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20432124
  7. Aaron M. The pathways of problematic sexual behavior: A literature review of factors affecting adult sexual behavior in survivors of childhood sexual abuse. Sexual Addiction & Compulsivity. 2012; 19: 199-218.
  8. Vallieres EF, Vallerand RJ. Traduction et validation canadienne‐française de l'échelle de l'estime de soi de Rosenberg. International journal of psychology. 1990; 25: 305-316.
  9. Rosenberg M. Conceiving the self-New York: Basic. Rosenberg Conceiving the Self. 1979.
  10. Bourgeois ML, Berrios GE. L'anhédonie: le non-plaisir et la psychopathologie: Masson. 1999.
  11. Bouvard M. Questionnaires et échelles d'évaluation de la personnalité: Elsevier Masson. 2009.
  12. Costa P, McCrae R, Rolland J. NEO-PI-R. Inventaire de Personnalité révisé. Adaptation FranÇaise. P. Rolland. Editions du Centre de Psychologie Appliquée, Paris. 1998.
  13. Plaisant O, Courtois R, Réveillère C, Mendelsohn G, John O. Validation par analyse factorielle du Big Five Inventory français (BFI-Fr). Analyse convergente avec le NEO-PI-R. Paper presented at the Annales Médico-psychologiques, revue psychiatrique. 2010.
  14. McCrae RR, Costa PT. Validation of the five-factor model of personality across instruments and observers. J Pers Soc Psychol. 1987; 52: 81. PubMed: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3820081
  15. Albright JM. Sex in America online: An exploration of sex, marital status, and sexual identity in Internet sex seeking and its impacts. J Sex Res. 2008; 45: 175-186. PubMed: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18569538
  16. Ross MW, Månsson SA, Daneback K. Prevalence, severity, and correlates of problematic sexual Internet use in Swedish men and women. Arch Sex Behav. 2012; 41: 459-466. PubMed: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21562915
  17. Kaplowitz MD, Hadlock TD, Levine R. A comparison of web and mail survey response rates. Public opinion quarterly. 2004; 68: 94-101.
  18. Gingras MÈ, Belleau H. Avantages et désavantages du sondage en ligne comme méthode de collecte de données: une revue de la littérature. 2015.
  19. Ballester-Arnal R, Castro-Calvo J, Gil-Llario MD, Giménez-García C. Relationship status as an influence on cybersex activity: Cybersex, youth, and steady partner. J Sex Marital Ther. 2014; 40: 444-456. PubMed: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24134331
  20. Kafka MP. Hypersexual disorder: A proposed diagnosis for DSM-V. Arch Sex Behav. 2010; 39: 377-400. PubMed: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19937105
  21. Mick TM, Hollander E. Impulsive-compulsive sexual behavior. CNS Spectr. 2006; 11: 944-955. PubMed: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17146408
  22. Odlaug BL, Lust K, Schreiber L, Christenson G, Derbyshire K, et al. Compulsive sexual behavior in young adults. Ann Clin Psychiatry. 2013; 25: 193-200. PubMed: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23926574
  23. Müller A, Rein K, Kollei I, Jacobi A, Rotter A, et al. Impulse control disorders in psychiatric inpatients. Psychiatry Res. 2011; 188: 434-438. PubMed: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21546096
  24. Black DW, Kehrberg LL, Flumerfelt DL, Schlosser SS. Characteristics of 36 subjects reporting compulsive sexual behavior. Am J Psychiatry. 1997; 154: 243-249. PubMed: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9016275
  25. Cooper A, Scherer CR, Boies SC, Gordon BL. Sexuality on the Internet: From sexual exploration to pathological expression. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice. 1999; 30: 154.
  26. Daneback K, Cooper A, Månsson SA. An Internet study of cybersex participants. Archives of sexual behavior. 2005; 34: 321-328.
  27. Cooper A, Marcus I. Men who are not in control of their sexual behavior. Handbook of clinical sexuality for mental health professionals. 2003; 311-332.
  28. Schneider JP, Weiss R, Samenow C. Is it really cheating? Understanding the emotional reactions and clinical treatment of spouses and partners affected by cybersex infidelity. Sexual Addiction & Compulsivity. 2012; 19: 123-139.
  29. Meili W, Pfeifer S. Internet, sexe et dépendance. Paper presented at the Clinique et traitement de la dépendance au sexe sur Internet. Forum Medical Suisse. 2011.
  30. Barak A, Fisher WA, Cooper A. The future of Internet sexuality. Sex and the Internet: A guide book for clinicians. 2002; 267-280.
  31. Harris RJ. The impact of sexually explicit media. Media effects: Advances in theory and research. 1994; 247-272.
  32. Chansin AG. Pratiques actuelles et connaissances utiles au médecin généraliste dans le domaine des addictions comportementales: étude chez 53 médecins généralistes du Havre concernant 6 addictions sans drogue (jeu pathologique, achats compulsifs, addiction à l'internet, addiction au travail, addiction à l'exercice physique et addiction au sexe). 2012.
  33. Malouff JM, Thorsteinsson EB, Schutte NS. The five-factor model of personality and smoking: A meta-analysis. J Drug Educ. 2006; 36: 47-58. PubMed: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16981639
  34. Terracciano A, Costa PT. Smoking and the Five‐Factor Model of personality. Addiction. 2004; 99: 472-481. PubMed: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15049747
  35. Coëffec A. Les apports du modèle des cinq grands facteurs dans le domaine de l’alcoolodépendance. L'Encephale. 2011; 37: 75-82.
  36. Coëffec A, Romo L, Strika L. Personnalité et impulsivité: Étude portant sur 20 patients alcoolodépendants. Alcoologie et addictologie. 2009; 31: 327-332.
  37. Repetti RL, Taylor SE, Seeman TE. Risky families: family social environments and the mental and physical health of offspring. Psychol Bull. 2002; 128: 330. PubMed: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11931522
  38. Carter JA, Herbst JH, Stoller KB, King VL, Kidorf MS, et al. Short-term stability of NEO–PI–R personality trait scores in opioid-dependent outpatients. Psychol Addict Behav. 2001; 15: 255. PubMed: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11563805
  39. Kornør H, Nordvik H. Five-factor model personality traits in opioid dependence. Bmc Psychiatry. 2007; 7: 37. PubMed: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17683593
  40. Trémeau F, Darreye A, Leroy B, Renckly V, Ertle S, et al. Personality changes in opioid-dependent subjects in a methadone maintenance treatment program. L'Encephale. 2002; 29: 285-292. PubMed: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14615698
  41. Rosenthal TL, Edwards NB, Ackerman BJ, Knott DH, Rosenthal RH. Substance abuse patterns reveal contrasting personal traits. J Subst Abuse. 1990; 2: 255-263. PubMed: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2136114
  42. Sáiz P, González M, Paredes B, Martínez S, Delgado J. Personality and use-abuse of cocaine. Adicciones. 2001; 13.
  43. Miller JD, MacKillop J, Fortune EE, Maples J, Lance CE, et al. Personality correlates of pathological gambling derived from Big Three and Big Five personalitymodels. Psychiatry Res. 2013; 206: 50-55. PubMed: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23078872
  44. Julien-Daniel G, Patrick H. Les personnalités pathologiques: Lavoisier. 2013.
  45. Zilberman ML, Tavares H, El-Guebaly N. Relationship between craving and personality in treatment-seeking women with substance-related disorders. Bmc Psychiatry. 2003; 3: 1. PubMed: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12525264
  46. Rousselet AV, Laqueille X. De l’addiction à la dissociation corporelle et psychique. Laennec. 2016; 64: 29-41.
  47. Bergner RM, Bridges AJ. The significance of heavy pornography involvement for romantic partners: Research and clinical implications. J Sex Marital Ther. 2002; 28: 193-206. PubMed: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11995598
  48. Beraud J, Marcelli D, Venisse J, Reynaud M. Les facteurs psychosociaux de risque, de gravité et de protection. M Reynaud. Usage nocif de substances psychoactives. Paris La Documentation Franaise. 2002; 59-77.
  49. Carnes P. Don’t call it love: Recovery from sexual compulsion. New York. 1991.
  50. Ferree M. Women and the web: Cybersex activity and implications. Sexual and Relationship Therapy. 2003; 18: 385-393.
  51. Giugliano J. Out of control sexual behavior: A qualitative investigation. Sexual Addiction & Compulsivity. 2006; 13: 361-375.
  52. Långström N, Hanson RK. High rates of sexual behavior in the general population: Correlates and predictors. Archives of sexual behavior. 2006; 35: 37-52. PubMed: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16502152

Figures:

Figure 1

Figure 1

Figure 1

Figure 2

Similar Articles

  • Addiction to self-strangulation: a case-report
    Aurely Ameller*, Yann Le Strat, Marion Cadranel, Celine Portalier and Caroline Dubertret Aurely Ameller*,Yann Le Strat,Marion Cadranel,Celine Portalier, Caroline Dubertret. Addiction to self-strangulation: a case-report . . 2017 doi: 10.29328/journal.jatr.1001003; 1: 016-021
  • Sexual addiction, self-esteem and personality dimensions
    Badii Amamou*, Cyrine Missaoui, Amjed Ben Haouala, Ahmad Mhalla, Ferid Zaafrane and Lotfi Gaha Badii Amamou*, Cyrine Missaoui,Amjed Ben Haouala,Ahmad Mhalla,Ferid Zaafrane,Lotfi Gaha. Sexual addiction, self-esteem and personality dimensions. . 2020 doi: 10.29328/journal.jatr.1001011; 4: 006-012

Recently Viewed

Read More

Most Viewed

Read More