Review Article

Parental Role in Adolescent Substance Abuse Prevention

Shelby Miller*

Published: 28 August, 2018 | Volume 2 - Issue 1 | Pages: 006-009

Background: There is a huge gap in the U.S. health care system when it comes to the prevention of substance abuse and addiction, specifically involving adolescents. It has been determined through literature review that parents in Utah are not informed about/knowledgeable of/aware of the current usage of alcohol/drugs in the adolescent population in this area or the inherent risks involved with consumption/use/misuse/abuse/addiction.

Aim: The overarching aim of the doctoral project was to prevent Utah County middle school students from harmful alcohol and drug consumption by involving parents in prevention efforts. The prevention goals of this project included: increased parental knowledge of the brain disease of addiction, warning signs of adolescent drug use, what to do if their child is already using, and increased parental self-efficacy on communicating with teens on this subject.

Design: For parents to be productively involved, barriers were broken down through education. The DNP student completed a 15-minute presentation at five separate parent meetings that took place annually during middle school registration at Lehi Jr High.

Population: The education was for parents, foster parents, guardians, etc. of first-year middle school students only; an estimated 420 participants were in attendance.

Data collection and analysis: A pre-and post- combined self-efficacy and knowledge test was given to the attendees. Data was gathered from 117 appropriately completed tests and analyzed using a paired t-test. The results were studied to evaluate effectiveness of the program relating to parental self-efficacy and knowledge.

Findings: The presentation ultimately increased parental self-efficacy and knowledge (p-value <0.01) which in turn increases protective factors and decreases risk factors associated with adolescent substance abuse.

Conclusions: The DNP project was successful, and the results assisted in the refinement of the presentation for sharing on a mass level to all Jr. High schools in Utah County, Utah.

Read Full Article HTML DOI: 10.29328/journal.jatr.1001006 Cite this Article Read Full Article PDF


  1. Utah Department of Health. Prescription drug overdoses. 2014. Ref.: https://tinyurl.com/ybnn7r9f
  2. National Institute on Drug Abuse. Principles of adolescent substance use disorder treatment: A research-based guide. 2014. Ref.: https://tinyurl.com/yb3o24o3
  3. Bonnie RJ, O’Connell ME. Reducing Underage Drinking: A Collective Responsibility. Washington. The National Academies Press. 2004. Ref.: https://tinyurl.com/y8egb47n
  4. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). Behavioral Health Barometer: Utah. 2015.
  5. Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality. Key substance use and mental health indicators in the United States: Results from the 2015 National Survey on Drug Use and Health. 2016. Ref.: https://tinyurl.com/6sz7f7y
  6. Adolescent Health. 2017. Ref.: https://tinyurl.com/y8bfsj8q
  7. Substance Abuse. 2017. Ref.: https://tinyurl.com/nxnva8n

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